React vs Vue – Which is Better?

JavaScript has gained a lot of popularity in the last few years and many top technology consulting companies are getting the benefits of it. There are a plethora of JavaScript languages and frameworks coming up each and every day and tech companies can’t use all of them. Because it is a very difficult decision to choose those frameworks who are worth using.

The JavaScript is being adopted by various custom software development companies at a rapid pace. So, the tech companies cannot afford to overlook the top 2 most used JavaScript framework of this century- Vue.js and ReactJS.

React Vs. Vue

React and Vue is the two most popular JavaScript libraries that are being used to build thousands of websites today. If you have to pick React vs. Vue which one should you pick?

There is no right answer to this question. The answer to this question depends on your business needs and use-cases. Both React and Vue are powerful contenders with their own set of pros and cons.

Both Vue and React have a lot in common like the component-based architecture, usage of virtual DOM, usage of props, Chrome Dev tools for debugging and many more. But both of them won’t exist if there are no significant differences.

Let’s explore React vs. Vue against several factors.

Corporate Backing

React:

React is backed by Facebook and was open sourced by Facebook in 2013. Facebook has a dedicated team of engineers who are working on React and making React better every day. Since Facebook is heavily invested in React, many internal Facebook products are coded in React. With Facebook’s heavy involvement in React, the library has gained a lot of trust and popularity over the years.

Vue:

Vue is not backed by any big corporation like React. Although Vue is not backed by big names, it has gained huge popularity in the open source community. It is fairly new compared to React and is backed by a group of open source contributors.

Code Style And Learning Curve

React:

React uses JavaScript Expressions (JSX) which is a way of writing HTML within JavaScript code. JSX makes sense since React believes in functional programming.

For a typical web developer, initially, JSX could be a bit of a learning curve. Although JSX is a different approach, it is very similar to HTML and a developer should be able to grasp it with some practice.

React also treats everything as a component, and each component has its own component lifecycle. React has lifecycle methods, that handle these components.

Vue:

Vue’s coding style is similar to what web developers are used to before the advent of React. Vue separates HTML, JavaScript and CSS like the traditional way of coding web applications.

It does allow JSX if that is your preferred code style.

Vue also has component lifecycles, but they are simple and much more intuitive than React. Vue also is a younger framework, so it made sure it took the best of React and addressed some of the problems with React.

Based on the comparisons of code style, if you are a JavaScript developer who has not used React or Vue, you will find coding with Vue easier and more intuitive.

Documentation

Although Vue is the youngest framework in the JavaScript space, it has the best documentation hands-down. Vue has been appreciated by many developers for it’s clear and concise documentation. Hence, new developers love to get on-board with Vue since it is easy to navigate through the concepts.

The React documentation is getting better off-late and the React core team is taking an effort to make the documentation better. But if you were to compare documentation of React vs. Vue today, the clear winner is Vue.

Flexibility

React:

React is not an opinionated library. This could be good and bad depending on your perspective. I personally like that React offers a lot of flexibility and developers can choose their path.

For instance, React does not offer routing options, instead, we can go with a third party solution for routing. React router which is a popular routing option is not a part of the official React library. Advanced state management can also be done with third-party library support. You could use Redux, MobX or any other library for state management. This shows that React is flexible with the way you want to route your application, manage state etc.

But to a new developer, this may be a bit overwhelming since they have to shop for options instead of getting these out of the box. Experienced developers love this flexibility since they can leverage multiple options that are out there.

Vue:

Vue is also a flexible framework. But, Vue is more opinionated than React. Unlike React, Vue offers Vuex for state management, Vue Router for routing,  Vue Server-Side Renderer for server-side rendering all as a part of the official VueJs GitHub page. The Vue.js framework by itself comes bare-bones just like React, but they have all the add-on items on their official page as their pick.

Again, this could be good for a new developer who wouldn’t need to spend time shopping around for options.

Pros of ReactJS Library

Here are the pros of using ReactJS library:

  • React.JS comes with a high level of flexibility and responsiveness
  • Migrating from one version to another version in ReactJS is very easy
  • ReactJS is a 100% open source library which gets daily updates and improvements because of the contributions made by the developers worldwide.
  • Virtual DOM in ReactJS allows arranging the documents in HTML, XML, and XHTML format in a tree where it is accepted by web browsers when parsing different types of elements in a web app
  • ReactJS syntax is easy to learn for developers who have the knowledge about coding in HTML. This one of the point which makes ReactJS ahead ofVue.js.

Cons of ReactJS Library

Here are the cons of using ReactJS library:

  • The lack of proper documentation is one of the biggest con of ReactJS
  • The learnability scale of ReactJS is on the higher side, meaning, that developers take time to understand the environment of ReactJS

Pros of Vue.js

Here are the pros of using Vue.js:

  • Vue.js is very helpful when it comes to developing reusable templates with no extra time needed
  • Vue.js can be used for developing a single web page and complex web pages for the web applications
  • Vue.js offers to switch between different frameworks because of its similarity between AngularJS and ReactJS in terms of design and architecture
  • Vue.js has a lot of features similar to AngularJS, which allows optimization of HTML blocks handling with the help of different components
  • The documentation of VueJS makes it easier for developers to understand the framework

Cons of Vue

Here are the cons of using Vue.js:

  • There are integration issues of this framework when it comes to handling big projects, which becomes more important when there is no possible solution
  • A great amount of documentation of VueJS is written in Mandarin, which makes it difficult for developers to read it
  • Vue.js has a small amount of market share compared to ReactJS or AngularJS, meaning that sharing knowledge is in the initial phase.

Verdict:

Picking React vs. Vue totally depends on your business use-cases. If you are looking to build complex applications, with support and potential to hire more front-end developers with experience React maybe a good choice. But if you are looking to build something very simple, easy with fast turnaround time, you could go for Vue with the support of templates which are easy to learn and code.

If you are potentially going to code a mobile version of your website with code sharing, you should consider React since the code can be shared between React and React Native, and there is no counterpart for that in Vue.

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